Saturday, June 15, 2024
The UTS laboratory testing chamber (Image: Ambius)

World-first research proves plants remove cancer-causing toxins from air

A world-first study conducted by the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) has uncovered a never before proven set of capabilities for plants; their ability and efficacy in removing toxic petrol fumes from indoor air.

The study was led by bioremediation researcher UTS Associate Professor Fraser Torpy, in partnership with leading plantscaping solutions company, Ambius. The researchers found that the Ambius small green wall, containing a mix of indoor plants, was highly effective at removing harmful, cancer-causing pollutants, with 97% of the most toxic compounds removed from the surrounding air in just eight hours1.

Poor indoor air quality is responsible for 6.7 million premature deaths globally2, according to the World Health Organisation. Most people spend 90% of their time indoors at home, school or the workplace3, so adopting new strategies to improve air quality is critical. Ambius General Manager Johan Hodgson said the research presented new evidence into the critical role played by indoor plants and green walls in quickly and sustainably cleaning the air we breathe.

“We know that indoor air quality is often significantly more polluted than outdoor air, which in turn impacts mental and physical health. But the great news is this study has shown that something as simple as having plants indoors can make a huge difference,” Mr Hodgson said.

The research team from UTS (Image: Ambius)
The research team from UTS (Image: Ambius)

Vehicle emissions play a major role in indoor air pollution

Previous studies on indoor plants have shown they can remove a broad range of indoor air contaminants; however, this is the first study into the ability of plants to clean up petrol vapours, which are one of the largest sources of toxic compounds in buildings worldwide. Offices and residential apartment buildings often connect directly to car parks, either by doors or lift wells, making it difficult to avoid harmful petrol-related compounds seeping into work and residential areas. Many buildings are also exposed to petrol fumes from nearby roads and highways.

Breathing petrol fumes can lead to lung irritation, headaches and nausea, and has been linked to an increased risk of cancer, asthma and other chronic diseases from longer term exposure, contributing to decreased life expectancy.

Dr Torpy said the study results, based on measurements from a sealed chamber, had far exceeded their expectations when it came to removing petrol pollutants from the air.

“This is the first-time plants have been tested for their ability to remove petrol-related compounds, and the results are astounding.

“Not only can plants remove the majority of pollutants from the air in a matter of hours, but they also remove the most harmful petrol-related pollutants from the air most efficiently, for example, known carcinogen Benzene is digested at a faster rate than less harmful substances, like alcohols.

“We also found that the more concentrated the toxins in the air, the faster and more effective the plants became at removing the toxins, showing that plants adapt to the conditions they’re growing in,” said Dr Torpy.

Indoor plants create healthy breathing air

Mr Hodgson said the findings confirmed feedback they’d received after installing plants in hundreds of office buildings across the nation.

“At Ambius, we see over and over again the effects plants have in improving health, wellbeing, productivity and office attendance for the thousands of businesses we work with. This new research proves that plants should not just be seen as ‘nice to have,’ but rather a crucial part of every workplace wellness plan. “The bottom line is that the best, most cost effective, and most sustainable way to combat harmful indoor air contaminants in your workplace and home is to introduce plants,” Mr Hodgson said.

For more information visit the Ambius website:


1) The removal of petrochemical-derived VOCs by the Ambius Small Live Green Wall, Ambius PLC and University of Technology Sydney

2) Household air pollution report 2022, World Health Organisation

3) Indoor Air, Australian Government Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water

Main photo: The UTS laboratory testing chamber (Image: Ambius)

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